PerspectiveClimate Change

How fast are the oceans warming?

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Science  11 Jan 2019:
Vol. 363, Issue 6423, pp. 128-129
DOI: 10.1126/science.aav7619
  • Scientists deploy an Argo float. For over a decade, more than 3000 floats have provided near-global data coverage for the upper 2000 m of the ocean.

    PHOTO: ALICIA NAVIDAD/CSIRO
  • Past and future ocean heat content changes

    Annual observational OHC changes are consistent with each other and consistent with the ensemble means of the CMIP5 models for historical simulations pre-2005 and projections from 2005–2017, giving confidence in future projections to 2100 (RCP2.6 and RCP8.5) (see the supplementary materials). The mean projected OHC changes and their 90% confidence intervals between 2081 and 2100 are shown in bars at the right. The inset depicts the detailed OHC changes after January 1990, using the monthly OHC changes updated to September 2018 [Cheng et al. (2)], along with the other annual observed values superposed.

    GRAPHIC: N. CARY/SCIENCE
  • How fast are the oceans warming?

    Lijing Cheng, John Abraham, Zeke Hausfather, Kevin E. Trenberth

    Materials/Methods, Supplementary Text, Tables, Figures, and/or References

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    • Materials and Methods 
    • Fig. S1
    • Table S1
    • References 

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