Research Article

Perivascular dendritic cells elicit anaphylaxis by relaying allergens to mast cells via microvesicles

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Science  09 Nov 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6415, eaao0666
DOI: 10.1126/science.aao0666

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Dendritic cells give mast cells a nudge

Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction triggered after antigen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies bind to target allergens. These antibodies then cross-link IgE-specific Fc receptors on the surface of mast cells. The mast cells rapidly release inflammatory mediators, including histamine, resulting in smooth muscle contraction, vasodilation, and blood vessel leakage. Because mast cells are usually found in the perivascular abluminal surface of blood vessels, it has been unclear how blood-borne allergens can interact with them. Choi et al. used live intravital imaging of the mouse vasculature to show that a specialized subset of dendritic cells sample blood-borne antigens and relay them to mast cells on the surface of microvesicles (see the Perspective by Levi-Schaffer and Scheffel). IgE-bound mast cells then vigorously degranulate after contact with these microvesicles.

Science, this issue p. eaao0666; see also p. 640