Identity inference of genomic data using long-range familial searches

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Science  09 Nov 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6415, pp. 690-694
DOI: 10.1126/science.aau4832

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Detecting familial matches

Recent advances in DNA technology and companies that provide array-based testing have led to services that collect, share, and analyze volunteered genomic information. Privacy concerns have been raised, especially in light of the use of these services by law enforcement to identify suspects in criminal cases. Testing models of relatedness, Erlich et al. show that many individuals of European ancestry in the United States—even those that have not undergone genetic testing—can be identified on the basis of available genetic information. These results indicate a need for procedures to help maintain genetic privacy for individuals.

Science, this issue p. 690