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A major U.S.-based scientific society is on the verge of expanding its definition of research misconduct to include sexual harassment. The 60,000-member American Geophysical Union (AGU) wants to emphasize the serious threat to science from harassment and other forms of discrimination, society officials say. But some experts on research ethics question the wisdom of merging two categories of undesirable behavior and worry that it could complicate efforts to promote ethical conduct. AGU's pending move could also revive a bitter debate in the 1990s that led to the slimmed-down definition of research misconduct currently used by U.S. government agencies and universities.